Characterization of Stabilised Sewage Sludge for Reuse in Road Pavement
More details
Hide details
Ph.D. student, Research Unit on Emerging Materials (RUEM), University Ferhat Abbas Setif 1, Setif, Algeria
Department of Civil Engineering, University Ferhat Abbas Setif 1, Setif, Algeria
Laboratoire Matériaux et Durabilité des Constructions (LMDC), Department of Civil Engineering, University of Mentouri Brothers Constantine 1, Constantine, Algeria
Online publication date: 2022-04-05
Publication date: 2022-03-01
Civil and Environmental Engineering Reports 2022;32(1):201-217
In recent years, the disposal of sewage sludge has been a major concern worldwide because of their potential treat in relation with the contamination of ground water and food chain. Furthermore, their poor mechanical properties don’t allow a possible direct use in civil engineering applications. For these reasons, it was important to explore more opportunity to reuse this by-product of sewage treatment. In this frame, the solidificationstabilisation technique (S-S) which is based on hydraulic binders can improve the properties of sewage sludge so that it can be used in civil engineering application, especially in road pavements. In this context, this paper investigates the possibility of using the solidified sludge in road construction. To achieve this goal, an experimental protocol was conducted using a several combined binders: combination of Cement/ Limestone filler and Cement/Lime, with different amounts in the target to fix the optimal mixtures amount. Several tests were conducted to characterise the mechanical and geotechnical properties of the solidified sludge. The results indicate that the solidified sludge using a combined mixture of cement and lime allows a possible use as base and sub-base layer.
Lucena, LCDFL, Juca, JFT, Soares, JB and MarinhoFilho, PGT 2014. Use of wastewater sludge for base and subbase of road pavements. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment 33, 210-219.
Dionisi, D, Bertin, L, Bornoroni, L, Capodicasa, S, Papini, MP and Fava, F 2006. Removal of organic xenobiotics in activated sludges under aerobic conditions and anaerobic digestion of the adsorbed species. Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology: International Research in Process, Environmental & Clean Technology 81(9), 1496-1505.
Helander, M, Saloniemi, I and Saikkonen, K 2012. Glyphosate in northern ecosystems. Trends in plant science 17(10), 569-574.
Rai, CL, Struenkmann, G, Mueller, J and Rao, PG 2004. Influence of ultrasonic disintegration on sludge growth reduction and its estimation by respirometry. Environmental science & technology 38(21), 5779-5785.
Hoornweg, D and Bhada-Tata, P 2012. What a waste: a global review of solid waste management.
Na, W 2013. Effect of slag-based solidification material on the solidification and stabilization of sewage sludge. Science Asia 39(1), 67-72.
Lim, S, Jeon, W, Lee, J, Lee, K and Kim, N 2002. Engineering properties of water/wastewater-treatment sludge modified by hydrated lime, fly ash and loess. Water research 36(17), 4177-4184.
Lin, C, Zhu, W and Han, J 2013. Strength and leachability of solidified sewage sludge with different additives. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering 25(11), 1594-1601.
Valls, M, Atrian, S, de Lorenzo, V and Fernández, L A 2000. Engineering a mouse metallothionein on the cell surface of Ralstoniaeutropha CH34 for immobilization of heavy metals in soil. Nature biotechnology, 18(6), 661-665.
Dassekpo, JBM, Ning, J and Zha, X 2018. Potential solidification/stabilization of clay-waste using green geopolymer remediation technologies. Process Safety and Environmental Protection 117, 684-693.
Chen, P, Feng, B, Lin, Y and Lin, C 2019. Solidification and stabilization of sewage sludge and MSWI bottom ash for beneficial use as construction materials. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering 31(1), 04018351.
Kim, EH, Cho, JK and Yim, S 2005. Digested sewage sludge solidification by converter slag for landfill cover. Chemosphere 59(3), 387-395.
Fan, X, Xu, H, Wang, S, Shu, S, Lin, N and Qian, Y 2019. Geotechnical properties of sewage sludge solidified with Sulphoaluminate cement. EDP Sciences. In E3S Web of Conferences Vol. 81, p. 01015.
Mezhoud, S, Clastres, P, Houari, H and Belachia, M 2018. Field investigations on injection method for sealing longitudinal reflective cracks. Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities 32 (4), 04018041.
Mezhoud, S, Houari, H and Boubaker, F 2017. Valorisation des fraisât routiers et produits de démolition pour la fabrication de mélanges granulaires traites aux liants hydrauliques. Algerian Journal of Environmental Science and Technology 3 (3).
ISO, E. (2011). 5667-13: 2011. Water Quality—Sampling—Guidance on Sampling of Sludges. International Organization for Standardization: Geneva, Switzerland.
ISO 5667-15/1999: Water Quality-Sampling-Part 15: Guidance on preservation and handling of sludge and sediment samples.
NF EN 197-1 (2000). Cement - part 1: Compositions. Specifications and conformity criteria for common cement. Brussels: European Committee for Standardization.
NF EN 459-3 (2002). Construction lime - Part 3: Conformity assessment, European Standard.
NF P 18-508 (1995). Additions for concrete, limestone additions – specification and conformity criteria, French standard, AFNOR.
NF P 94-051 (1993). Soil: investigation and testing – determination of Atterberg’s limits – liquid limit test using Casagrande apparatus – plastic limit test on rolled thread, Association Française de Normalisation.
NF P 94-093 (1993). Determination of soil compaction characteristics: normal Proctor test modified Proctor test, French standard, AFNOR.
NF P 98 232-1 (1991). Tests relating to pavements – determination of the mechanical characteristics on material bound with hydraulic binders – Part 1: unconfined compression test, Association Française de Normalisation.
NF P 98-232-3 (2001).Tests relating to pavements – determination of the mechanical characteristics material bound with hydraulic binders – Part 3: Diametral compression test on hydraulic and pozzolanic binder bound materials, Association Française de Normalisation.
NF P94-078 (1997). Sols : reconnaissances et essais – Indice CBR après immersion. Indice CBR immédiat. Indice portant immédiat – Mesure sur échantillons compactés dans le moule CBR, Norme française, AFNOR.
de Figueirêdo Lopes Lucena, LC, ThoméJuca, JF, Soares, J. B and Portela, MG 2014. Potential uses of sewage sludge in highway construction. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering 26(9), 04014051.
Farooq, SM, Rouf, MA, Hoque, SMA and Ashad, SMA 2011. Effect of lime and curing period on unconfined compressive strength of Gazipur soil, Bangladesh. In 4th Annual Paper Meet and 1st Civil Engineering Congress (pp. 22-24).
Hossain, KMA, Lachemi, M and Easa, S 2007. Stabilized soils for construction applications incorporating natural resources of Papua New Guinea. Resources, Conservation and Recycling 51(4), 711-731.
Mitchell, JK and Hooper, DR 1961. Influence of time between mixing and compaction on properties of a lime-stabilized expansive clay. Highway Research Board Bulletin 304.
Rahman, MA 1987. Effects of cement-lime mixes on lateritic soils for use in highway construction. Building and Environment 22(2), 141-145.
Al-Amoudi, OSB, Khan, K and Al-Kahtani, NS 2010. Stabilization of a Saudi calcareous marl soil. Construction and Building Materials 24(10), 1848-1854.
Wang, DX, Abriak, NE, Zentar, R and Xu, W 2012. Solidification/stabilization of dredged marine sediments for road construction. Environmental technology 33(1), 95-101.
Okagbue, CO and Yakubu, JA 2000. Limestone ash waste as a substitute for lime in soil improvement for engineering construction. Bulletin of engineering Geology and the Environment 58(2), 107-113.
Mezhoud, S, Clastres, P, Houari, H and Belachia, M 2017. Forensic investigation of causes of premature longitudinal cracking in a newly constructed highway with a composite pavement system. Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities 31(2), 04016095.
Samy, M, Besma, M, Saber, M and Sami, Z 2019. Cartographie Géotechnique, des Risques de Gonflement des Argiles Dans la Wilaya de Mila. In 1st International congress on advances in geotechnical engineering and construction management ICAGECM (Vol. 19).
LCPC-SETRA (2000). Soils treatment with lime or/and hydraulic bindersearthworks and subgrade layer]. France: SETRA Editions.
Mezhoud, S, Clastres, P and Houari, H 2016. Investigation in situ d’une méthode d’injection pour la réparation des fissures de chaussées semi-rigides. Academic Journal of Civil Engineering 34 (1), 849-857.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top