Numerical Study of the Behaviour of a Circular Footing on a Layered Granular Soil Under Vertical and Inclined Loading
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Student, Department of Civil Engineering, NIT Hamirpur, Himachal Pradesh, India
Department of Civil Engineering, NIT Hamirpur, Himachal Pradesh, India
Online publication date: 2021-03-30
Publication date: 2021-03-01
Civil and Environmental Engineering Reports 2021;31(1):29-43
This paper aims to study the behaviour of a circular footing resting on two granular layers, i.e., a dense sand layer resting on loose sand strata, subjected to a vertical and an inclined loading (α=0°, 10°, 20°, 30°) using the finite element (FE) software PLAXIS-3D. The Mohr-Coulomb criterion is employed for the analysis of the model, in which two parameters are considered to vary significantly; (1) thickness of the top layer (dense layer) and (2) friction angle (ф) of both the layers. In the circular footing, the bearing capacity on the layered soil profile is assessed using the mechanism of punching shear failure following the desired area approach. The punching shear failure mechanism formed in dense sand has a parabolic shape at the ultimate load when the maximum mobilization of shear force through the failure surface is taken into account, otherwise, the punching failure is the actual failure while punching in the lower layer continues to a greater extent, depending on the interface load. Bearing pressure decreases as the inclination increases with respect to the vertical, along with bearing pressure increasing as the thickness of the dense sand layer increases. The software results compare well with data available from the literature.
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