Influence of Starch Admixtures and Silver Colloids Stabilised with Starch Hydrolysates on the Course of Electrochemical Potential Difference of Reinforcing Steel in High-chloride Environment
More details
Hide details
Department of Construction and Geoengineering, Poznan University of Life Sciences
Faculty of Computing and Telecommunications, Poznan University of Technology
Institute of Chemistry and Technical Electrochemistry, Poznan University of Technology
These authors had equal contribution to this work
Submission date: 2024-02-14
Final revision date: 2024-05-13
Acceptance date: 2024-05-20
Online publication date: 2024-06-10
Publication date: 2024-06-10
Corresponding author
Marta Sybis   

Department of Construction and Geoengineering, Poznan University of Life Sciences
Civil and Environmental Engineering Reports 2024;34(2):141-156
The purpose of the conducted study was to verify whether the use of concrete admixtures with modified starches and starches modified with stabilised silver colloids affects the course of electrochemical potential difference, and hence corrosion, of reinforcing steel in a chloride environment. In the tests, cross-linked starches and products of acid hydrolysis of starch (dextrins) were used as admixtures. The 1-molar aqueous solution of sodium chloride was used as an aggressive environment. The tests consisted of measuring the potential difference generated in the reinforcement corrosion cell on the surface for a period of 60 days and then assessing the risk of corrosion. The effect of the addition of starch derivatives on the properties of cement paste was investigated through a one-way ANOVA analysis of variance followed by post hoc tests. The test results showed that the use of concrete admixtures with cross-linked starches positively affects the passivation of the steel. The likelihood of reinforcing steel corrosion when using distarch phosphate, acetylated distarch phosphate and acetylated distarch adipate admixtures is less than 5%. The results obtained showed an improved effect on the passivation of reinforcing steel in cement composites. Additionally, concrete samples may have microbicidal properties.
PN-EN 206+A2:2021-08: Concrete - Requirements, Properties, Production and Compatibility;.
Carse, A 2002, The Design of Durable Concrete Structures in Aggressive Ground Conditions., Roads, Structures and Soils in Rural Queensland, 1–14.
Mei, K, He, Z, Yi, B, Lin, X, Wang, J, Wang, H, Liu, J 2022, Study on Electrochemical Characteristics of Reinforced Concrete Corrosion under the Action of Carbonation and Chloride., Case Studies in Construction Materials, 17, e01351, doi:10.1016/j.cscm.2022.e01351.
Volpi, E, Olietti, A, Stefanoni, M, Trasatti, S P 2015, Electrochemical Characterization of Mild Steel in Alkaline Solutions Simulating Concrete Environment., Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 736, 38–46, doi:10.1016/j.jelechem.2014.10.023.
Elmoaty, A E M A 2018, Four-Years Carbonation and Chloride Induced Steel Corrosion of Sulfate-Contaminated Aggregates Concrete., Construction and Building Materials, 163, 539–556, doi:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.12.128.
Ming, J, Shi, J 2022, Influence of Surface Condition, Steel Type and Alkaline Solution on Passivation Capability of Reinforcing Steels., European Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering, 26, 2304–2318.
Ming, J, Wu, M, Shi, J 2021, Passive Film Modification by Concrete Carbonation: Re-Visiting a Corrosion-Resistant Steel with Cr and Mo., Cement and Concrete Composites, 123, 104178, doi:10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2021.104178.
Andrade, C 2019, Propagation of Reinforcement Corrosion: Principles, Testing and Modelling., Materials and Structures, 52, 2.
Torbati-Sarraf, H, Poursaee, A 2018, Study of the Passivation of Carbon Steel in Simulated Concrete Pore Solution Using Scanning Electrochemical Microscope (SECM)., Materialia, 2, 19–22, doi:10.1016/j.mtla.2018.08.011.
Loto, R T, Busari, A 2019, Influence of White Aluminum Dross on the Corrosion Resistance of Reinforcement Carbon Steel in Simulated Concrete Pore Solution., Journal of Bio-and Tribo-Corrosion, 5, 1–9.
Jaśniok, M, Sozańska, M, Kołodziej, J, Chmiela, B 2020, A Two-Year Evaluation of Corrosion-Induced Damage to Hot Galvanized Reinforcing Steel B500sp in Chloride Contaminated Concrete., Materials, 13, 3315.
Shi, J, Ming, J, Wu, M 2020, Electrochemical Behavior and Corrosion Products of Cr-Modified Reinforcing Steels in Saturated Ca(OH)2 Solution with Chlorides., Cement and Concrete Composites, 110, 103587, doi:10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2020.103587.
Broomfield, J P Corrosion of Steel in Concrete: Understanding, Investigation and Repair; Crc Press, 2023; ISBN 1-00-082248-6.
Loto, C 1989, Influence Of Clay Addition On The Electrochemical Corrosion Behavior Of Mild Steel In Concrete., C. A. Loto, A. Okusanya, Corros. Prevent. Contr., 36, 4, 1989, 103–109.
Pedeferri, P, Ormellese, M Corrosion Science and Engineering; Springer, 2018; Vol. 720;.
Zomorodian, A, Bagonyi, R, Al-Tabbaa, A 2021, The Efficiency of Eco-Friendly Corrosion Inhibitors in Protecting Steel Reinforcement., Journal of Building Engineering, 38, 102171.
. Yao, N, Zhou, X, Liu, Y, Shi, J 2022, Synergistic Effect of Red Mud and Fly Ash on Passivation and Corrosion Resistance of 304 Stainless Steel in Alkaline Concrete Pore Solutions., Cement and Concrete Composites, 132, 104637, doi:10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2022.104637.
Shi, J, Li, M, Wu, M, Ming, J 2021, Role of Red Mud in Natural Passivation and Chloride-Induced Depassivation of Reinforcing Steels in Alkaline Concrete Pore Solutions., Corrosion Science, 190, 109669, doi:10.1016/j.corsci.2021.109669.
Monticelli, C, Natali, M E, Balbo, A, Chiavari, C, Zanotto, F, Manzi, S, Bignozzi, M C 2016, A Study on the Corrosion of Reinforcing Bars in Alkali-Activated Fly Ash Mortars under Wet and Dry Exposures to Chloride Solutions., Cement and Concrete Research, 87, 53–63, doi:10.1016/j.cemconres.2016.05.010.
Andrade, C, Buják, R 2013, Effects of Some Mineral Additions to Portland Cement on Reinforcement Corrosion., Cement and Concrete Research, 53, 59–67, doi:10.1016/j.cemconres.2013.06.004.
Jin, Z, Zhao, X, Du, Y, Yang, S, Wang, D, Zhao, T, Bai, Y 2022, Comprehensive Properties of Passive Film Formed in Simulated Pore Solution of Alkali-Activated Concrete., Construction and Building Materials, 319, 126142, doi:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2021.126142.
Hernández, E F, Cano-Barrita, P F D J, León-Martínez, F M, Torres-Acosta, A A 2017, Performance of Cactus Mucilage and Brown Seaweed Extract as a Steel Corrosion Inhibitor in Chloride Contaminated Alkaline Media., Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, 64, 529–539.
Shi, S, Xiong, Y-Q 2021, Electrochemical Corrosion Resistance of Carbon Steel Rebar in Concrete Structures Exposed to 3.5 Wt% NaCl Solution: Effect of Green Inhibitors and Micro-Silica as Partial Replacement., International Journal of Electrochemical Science, 16, 210527.
Salami, B A, Ibrahim, M, Algaifi, H A, Alimi, W, Ewebajo, A O 2022, A Review on the Durability Performance of Alkali-Activated Binders Subjected to Chloride-Bearing Environment., Construction and Building Materials, 317, 125947, doi:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2021.125947.
Millero, F J 2007, The Marine Inorganic Carbon Cycle., Chemical reviews, 107, 308–341.
Zhan, Q, Dong, W, Fu, C, Wang, A, Yi, H, Pan, Z 2022, The Self-Healing of Marine Concrete Cracks Based on the Synergistic Effect of Microorganisms and Inorganic Minerals., Journal of Building Engineering, 61, 105210, doi:10.1016/j.jobe.2022.105210.
PN-EN 1504-1:2006-Wyroby i Systemy Do Ochrony i Napraw Konstrukcji Betonowych;.
Ramón, J E, Martínez, I, Gandía-Romero, J M, Soto, J 2022, Improved Tafel-Based Potentiostatic Approach for Corrosion Rate Monitoring of Reinforcing Steel., Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation, 41, 70.
Li, Y, Xu, W, Li, H, Lai, J, Qiang, S 2022, Corrosion Inhibition Mechanism of Xanthium Sibiricum Inhibitor and Its Comprehensive Effect on Concrete Performance: Experimental Analysis and Theoretical Calculation., Construction and Building Materials, 348, 128672, doi:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2022.128672.
Andrade, C, Alonso, C 2004, Test Methods for On-Site Corrosion Rate Measurement of Steel Reinforcement in Concrete by Means of the Polarization Resistance Method., Materials and Structures, 37, 623–643.
Konował, E, Sybis, M, Modrzejewska-Sikorska, A, Milczarek, G 2017, Synthesis of Dextrin-Stabilized Colloidal Silver Nanoparticles and Their Application as Modifiers of Cement Mortar., International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 104, 165–172.
Sybis, M, Konowal, E 2019, The Effect of Cement Concrete Doping with Starch Derivatives on Its Frost Resistance., Przemysl Chemiczny, 98, 1738–1740.
. Ikotun, B D, Afolabi, A S 2013, Electrochemical Behaviour of an Austenitic Stainless Steel Reinforced Concrete in the Presence of Starch and Cellulose Admixtures., Construction and Building Materials, 42, 22–28, doi:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2012.12.063.
Czarnecki, L, Broniewski, T, Henning, O 1995, Chemistry in Construction., Arkady, Warszawa.
Cao, Q, Pojtanabuntoeng, T, Esmaily, M, Thomas, S, Brameld, M, Amer, A, Birbilis, N 2022, A Review of Corrosion under Insulation: A Critical Issue in the Oil and Gas Industry., Metals, 12, 561.
Refait, PH, Abdelmoula, M, GÉnin, J-M R 1998, Mechanisms of Formation and Structure of Green Rust One in Aqueous Corrosion of Iron in the Presence of Chloride Ions., Corrosion Science, 40, 1547–1560, doi:10.1016/S0010-938X(98)00066-3.
Refait, P, Grolleau, A-M, Jeannin, M, Rémazeilles, C, Sabot, R 2020, Corrosion of Carbon Steel in Marine Environments: Role of the Corrosion Product Layer., Corrosion and Materials Degradation, 1, 10.
ASTM-C 867–91: Standard Test Method for Half-Cell Potentials of Uncoated Reinforcing Steel in Concrete.
Wawrusiewicz, A 2015, Kompleksowa Analiza Zagrożenia Korozyjnego w Mostach Betonowych., Mosty.
Judd, C M, McClelland, G H, Ryan, C S Data Analysis: A Model Comparison Approach to Regression, ANOVA, and Beyond; Routledge, 2017; ISBN 1-315-74413-9.
Muller, K E, Fetterman, B A Regression and ANOVA: An Integrated Approach Using SAS Software; John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2003; ISBN 0-471-46943-2.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top