Hybrid Bridge Structures Made of Frp Composite and Concrete
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Rzeszow University of Technology, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Architecture, Poznańska st 2, 35-959 , Rzeszów, Poland
Rzeszów University of Technology, Rzeszów, Poland
Online publication date: 2017-11-18
Publication date: 2017-09-26
Civil and Environmental Engineering Reports 2017;26(3):161-169
Despite many advantages over the conventional construction materials, the contemporary development of FRP composites in bridge engineering is limited due to high initial cost, low stiffness (in case of glass fibers) and sudden composite failure mode. In order to reduce the given limitations, mixed (hybrid) solutions connecting the FRP composites and conventional construction materials, including concrete, have been tested in many countries for 20 years. Shaping the hybrid structures based on the attributes of particular materials, aims to increase stiffness and reduce cost without losing the carrying capacity, lightness and easiness of bridges that includes such hybrid girders, and to avoid the sudden dangerous failure mode. In the following article, the authors described examples of hybrid road bridges made of FRP composite and concrete within the time of 20 years and presented the first Polish hybrid FRP-concrete road bridge. Also, the directions of further research, necessary to spread these innovative, advanced and sustainable bridge structures were indicated.
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