Seismic Behavior and Stability Analysis of an Embankment Dam on a Permeable Foundation
More details
Hide details
Department of Civil Engineering, National Institute of Technology Hamirpur, India
Department of Civil Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Hamirpur, India, India
Civil Engineering Department, Samrat Ashok Technological Institute, Vidisha, M. P., India, India
These authors had equal contribution to this work
Submission date: 2024-04-02
Final revision date: 2024-05-04
Acceptance date: 2024-05-13
Online publication date: 2024-06-10
Publication date: 2024-06-10
Corresponding author

Department of Civil Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Hamirpur, India, Hamirpur, 177001, Hamirpur, India
Civil and Environmental Engineering Reports 2024;34(2):117-140
This study analyses the behaviour of an embankment type homogenous earth dam with a plastic clay core subjected to an earthquake excitation and its deformation with time. The displacement vs time graph has been plotted under the earthquake excitation and deformation for the structure is found out. The analysis tries to depict the real-life performance of the dam under earthquake excitations for its additional safety consideration. GeoStudio has been used to perform the QUAKE/W analysis on the dam. QUAKE/W models the dynamic stresses arising from earthquake shaking and simulates the impact of these stresses on the earth’s structures. The software is based on the finite element method. The study also consists of seepage analysis of the dam body with impervious clay core and generation of the zero-pressure line along with the flow lines and generation of flow vectors within the body of the dam. The SEEP/W analysis has been used for the generation of the seepage across the dam body which may be further used to check the stability of the dam. In addition to that, a slope stability analysis has also been performed using SLOPE/W analysis to get the desired value of the factor of safety.
Indian Standards 8826-1978: Guidelines for design of large earth and rockfill dams, Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS), New Delhi.
Indian Standards 9429-1999: Drainage System for Earth and Rockfill Dams, Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS), New Delhi.
Mejia, Lelio and Abbaszadeh, Sam and Armstrong, Richard and Beaty, Michael and Montgomery, Jack 2022, Analysis of Seismic Deformations of Embankment Dams, U S Society on Dams.
F, Qin 2023 Simulation analysis of structural nonlinear seismic response, International Journal for Simulation and Multidisciplinary Design Optimization 14,18.
Y, Duan, J, Bo, P, Da, Q, Li, W Wan and W, Qi 2023 Analysis of Peak Ground Acceleration and Seismogenic Fault Characteristics of the Mw7.8 Earthquake in Turkey, Applied Sciences 11436 13-20.
L, Pagano, A, Desideri and F, Vinale 1998, Interpreting Settlement Profiles of Earth Dams, Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering 124, 923–932.
A, Zewdu, Belew, D, Yigezu, Tenagashaw, W, Tadesse Ayele and T Gebrie 2021, Modelling of Seepage and Slope Stability Analysis of Ribb Embankment Dam, Preprint (Version 1) available at Research Square.
GR, Rakhshandehroo, M, Vaghefi and ARH, Zadeh 2011, Three dimensional Seepage Analyses in Mollasadra Dam after Its Impoundments, Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management, 15.
AA, Jawad, WH, Hassan and MY, Fattah 2021, Numerical analysis of a zoned earth dam considering hydrodynamic force during the earthquake excitation, Journal of Physics: Conference Series, IOP Publishing Ltd.
NJH, Al, Mansori, TJM, Al-Fatlawi, NY, Othman and Al, Zubaidi 2020, Numerical analysis of seepage in earth-fill dams, Civil Engineering Journal 6,1336-1348.
TK, Nian, GQ, Chen, MT, Luan, Q, Yang and DF, Zheng 2008, Limit analysis of the stability of slopes reinforced with piles against landslide in nonhomogeneous and anisotropic soils, Canadian Geotechnical Journal 45,1092-1103.
HG, Poulos 1995, Design of reinforcing piles to increase slope stability, Canadian Geotechnical Journal 32, 808–818.
YJ, Park, MA, Gabr, RH, Borden, KJ, Kim and CA, Kreider 2007, Limit equilibrium and deformation analyses of a geogrid-reinforced embankment, Geosynthetics in Reinforcement and Hydraulic Applications 1-12.
MI, Onur, M, Tuncan, B, Evirgen, B, Ozdemir and A Tuncan 2016, Behavior of Soil Reinforcements in Slopes, Procedia Engineering, Elsevier Ltd 2016,483–489.
DR, Shiwakoti, TBS, Pradhan and D, Leshchinsky 1998, Performance of geosynthetic-reinforced soil structures at limit equilibrium state, Geosynth Int 5,555-587.
SK, Sarma 1981, Seismic Displacement Analysis of Earth Dams, Journal of the Geotechnical Engineering Division 107,1735-1739.
A, Shojaeian and F, Askari 2020, Seismic Reliability Investigation of Bearing Capacity of Foundations Based on Limit Analysis and Limit Equilibrium Methods, Geotechnical and Geological Engineering, 38, 6329–6342.
BA, Zeidan, M, Shahien and M, Elshemy 2017, Combined Seepage and Slope Stability Analysis of Failed Earthen Dams.
G, Kheiri, H, Javdanian and G, Shams 2020, A numerical modeling study on the seepage under embankment dams, Model Earth Syst Environ 6, 1075–1087.
GA, Fenton and DV, Griffiths 1996, Statistics of Free Surface Flow through Stochastic Earth Dam, Journal of Geotechnical Engineering 122, 427–436.
KB, Jyothi and UK, Singh 2023, Static and pseudo-static stability analysis of right earthen embankment of Nagarjuna Sagar dam by GeoStudio, E3S Web of Conferences, EDP Sciences.
H, Javdanian, M, Zarei and G, Shams 2023, Estimating seismic slope displacements of embankment dams using statistical analysis and numerical modeling, Model Earth Syst Environ 9, 389–396.
Srinivas, C, Padmavathi M 2021, Static and Dynamic Analysis of Nailed Slope, Proceedings of the Indian Geotechnical Conference 2019. Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering, 133.
RK, Pathak, G, Kumar Chaturvedy and UK, Pandey 2023, Geotechnical Behaviour of Sandy Soil Mix with Rubber Crumb, Recent advances in Civil, mechanical and Electrical Engineering,335-343.
Niroumand, Hamed and Kassim, Khairul and Ghafooripour, Amin and Nazir, Ramli 2012, The Role of Geosynthetics in Slope Stability, Electronic Journal of Geotechnical Engineering 17, 2739-2746.
T, Viveka, NS, Kumar and KS, Chamberlin 2021, Stabilization of Slopes of Sandy Soils by Using Geosynthetics, IOP Conf Ser Mater Sci Eng,1197.
E, Taniguchi, RV, Whitman and WA, Marr 1983, Prediction of earthquake-induced deformation of earth dams, Soils and Foundations 23, 126–132.
D, Roy and R, Singh 2009, Estimation of Earthquake-Induced Crest Settlements of Embankments, American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences 2, 515–525.
A, Fakhari and A, Ghanbari 2013, A simple method for calculating the seepage from earth dams with clay core, Journal of Geo Engineering, Taiwan Geotechnical Society 8, 27–32.
J, Zhang, X, Chen, J, Li and S, Xu 2023, Seismic Response of Earth-Rock Dams with Innovative Antiseepage Walls on the Effect of Microscopic Fluid-Solid Coupling, Sustainability Switzerland, 15.
L, Pagano, E, Fontanella, S, Sica and A, Desideri 2010, Pore water pressure measurements in the interpretation of the hydraulic behaviour of two earth dams, Soils and foundations 50, 295–307.
S, Widodo 2015, Case Study on High Multi Slope Embankment reinforced by Geosynthetics, Seminar National HATTI.
B, Beiranvand, T, Rajaee and M, Komasi 2024, Spatiotemporal clustering of dam settlement monitoring using precision instrument data, Results in Engineering 22.
A, Di Pasquale, G, Nico, A, Pitullo and G, Prezioso 2018, Monitoring strategies of earth dams by ground based radar interferometry: How to extract useful information for seismic risk assessment, Sensors Switzerland,18.
HT, Al, Hudaib and RP, Ray 2023, The Methodologies and Main Challenges of Assessment the Multi-Hazard Interaction and Risk Management Associated with Roads Infrastructures and Dam Safety: A Review, International Journal of Integrated Engineering 15,174-188.
Schwager, Markus 2023, Simplified seismic safety evaluation of existing small embankment dams, International Journal on Hydropower and Dams, 80-85.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top