Evolution of Energy Efficiency of Buildings Using the Guidelines of the European Green Deal Plan
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Department of Construction and Geoengineering Faculty of Environmental and Mechanical Engineering, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Poland
Faculty of Civil and Transport Engineering, Poznań University of Technology
These authors had equal contribution to this work
Submission date: 2024-03-14
Final revision date: 2024-06-06
Acceptance date: 2024-06-27
Online publication date: 2024-07-08
Publication date: 2024-07-08
Corresponding author
Anna Szymczak-Graczyk   

Department of Construction and Geoengineering Faculty of Environmental and Mechanical Engineering, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Piatkowska 94 street, 60-649, Poznan, Poland
Civil and Environmental Engineering Reports 2024;34(3):16-30
In contemporary literature, there are not many analyses taking into account changing heat transfer coefficients over the years and examining and comparing the variability of insulation thickness in different thermal standards. The article presents the evolution of energy demand taking into account the requirements of the Green Deal. The analysis was carried out using two materials, showing how their thickness changed in relation to the evolving energy requirements. The research was illustrated with an example of thermal modernization for a building in specific time periods. The analysis was carried out using a numerical program, comparing warming variants for individual years using the Index of annual primary energy demand. Following the requirements contained in the EPDB directive, a comprehensive reduction of the penetration coefficients for building partitions was proposed and requirements for the mandatory use of mechanical ventilation and photovoltaics were introduced.
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