Measures of Agreement Between Computation Programs and Experiment: The Case of Beams with Circular Cuts in their Webs
More details
Hide details
Department of Civil Engineering, Laboratory of Materials and durability of constructions (lMdc), University of Mentouri Constantine 1, Algeria
Department of Civil Engineering, Laboratory Mechanics Soil and Structures (LMSS), University of Mentouri Constantine 1, 25000, Constantine, Algeria
Department of Civil Engineering and Mechanical, EL Bachir EL Ibrahimi, University of Bordj bou Arreridj, Algeria
Online publication date: 2022-04-05
Publication date: 2022-03-01
Civil and Environmental Engineering Reports 2022;32(1):74–87
In the field of metal construction, cellular beams represent an attractive solution to meeting the various technical and economic constraints, especially for large-span buildings. In particular, they allow components linked to the construction to pass through their openings (ventilation ducts, electrical threads, etc.) and thus contribute to significantly reducing the thickness of the floors. However, the use of such beams requires special attention to comply with the regulations in force, in order to guarantee stability and behavior in line with the challenge of preserving the structures. This article focuses on the analysis of the measures of agreement between experiment and computation programs (strength of materials, Robot structures, and Inflexion-EF) results of the beams with circular cuts in their webs (IPE A 100), supported simply and subjected to a concentrated load. The experimental results show that the vertical displacement resulting from transverse compression is induced by various factors: length, cuts in their webs, location of the load, and stiffening of the beams. The comparison of experimental and theoretical results demonstrates the importance of experimental tests in validating theoretical results.
Bitar, D 2004. Slender web I-beam: Checking the resistance of a web panel with a centered circular opening. Metallic construction 41(4), 71-91.
Bihina, G 2011. Analysis of the behaviour under fire of composite steelconcrete floors made with cellular beams. Doctoral thesis, University Blaise Pascal-Clermont-Ferrand II.
Fares, S, Coulson, J and Dinehart, D 2016. Castellated and cellular beam design. American Institute of Steel Construction.
Ferreira, FPV, Martins, CH and De Nardin, S 2020. Advances in composite beams with web openings and composite cellular beams. Journal of Constructional Steel Research 172, 106-182.
Sweedan, AM and El-Sawy, KM 2011. Elastic local buckling of perforated webs of steel cellular beam–column elements. Journal of Constructional Steel Research 67(7), 1115-1127.
Nseir, J, Lo, M, Sonck, D, Somja, H, Vassart, O and Boissonnade, N 2012. Lateral torsional buckling of cellular steel beams. Proceedings of the Annual Stability Conference Structural Stability Research Council, 18-21.
Sweedan, AM 2011. Elastic lateral stability of I-shaped cellular steel beams. Journal of Constructional Steel Research 67(2), 151-163.
Ellobody, E 2012. Nonlinear analysis of cellular steel beams under combined buckling modes. Thin-walled structures 52, 66-79.
Shamass, R and Guarracino, F 2020. Numerical and analytical analyses of high-strength steel cellular beams: a discerning approach. Journal of Constructional Steel Research 166, 105911.
Cashell, KA, Malaska, M, Khan, M, Alanen, M and Mela, K 2019. Numerical analysis of the behaviour of stainless steel cellular beam in fire. ce/papers 3(3-4), 895-900.
Malaska, M, Cashell, K, Alanen, M, Mela, K and Afshan, S 2019. Experimental behaviour of stainless steel cellular beam in fire. ce/papers 3(3-4), 901-906.
Mirambell, E and Real, E 2000. On the calculation of deflections in structural stainless steel beams: an experimental and numerical investigation. Journal of Constructional Steel Research 54(1), 109-133.
Soltani, MR, Bouchaïr, A and Mimoune, M 2012. Nonlinear FE analysis of the ultimate behavior of steel castellated beams. Journal of constructional steel research 70, 101-114.
Mimoune, M and Siouane, S 2017. Numerical analysis on lateral distortional buckling of octagonal castellated steel beams. In Global Civil Engineering Conference Springer, Singapore, 423-430.
Tsavdaridis, KD and D’Mello, C 2011. Web buckling study of the behaviour and strength of perforated steel beams with different novel web opening shapes. Journal of constructional steel research 67(10), 1605-1620.
Code, Price 2007. “Eurocode 3: Design of Steel Structures-Part 1-2: General Rules-Structural Fire Design.” London: European Committee for Standardisation.
Pham, DK, Pham, CH, Pham, SH and Hancock, GJ 2020. Experimental investigation of high strength cold-formed channel sections in shear with rectangular and slotted web openings. Journal of Constructional Steel Research 165, 105889.