Experimental Investigation of Self-Compacting Concrete Containing Coir Fibres
More details
Hide details
Faculty of Civil Engineering and Built Environment, UTHM, Johar, Malaysia
Faculty of Engineering, Monash University, Selangor, Malaysia
Online publication date: 2021-06-28
Publication date: 2021-06-01
Civil and Environmental Engineering Reports 2021;31(2):163–177
Many researchers have investigated alternative sources to overcome the problem of conventional building material polluting the environment by the development of green self-compacting concrete in the construction industry. The best alternative solution is to utilise non-conventional construction materials like agricultural wastes. Meanwhile, self-compacting concrete (SCC) is considered as high strength as well as high-performance concrete. The demerits, which include tensile and flexural strength, can be improved by incorporating coir fibres. The utilisation of coir fibres also modifies self-compacting concrete performance after cracking and improves the toughness. This study defines an experimental investigation of the mechanical properties of self-compacting concrete containing coir fibres (CF) with different percentages being 0%, 0.2%, 0.5%, 1%, and 1.5% at 7- and 28-days water curing. The mechanical properties include the slump flow and compressive and tensile strength were examined. The outcomes demonstrated that a required slump flow for self-compacting concrete was achieved using coir fibres up to 1%, beyond which it reduced the slump significantly. The length of fibre and proportion of fibres directly affected the workability. The compressive strength was 10% to 15% enhanced with the incorporation of coir fibres up to 0.5%; after that, the strength was slightly reduced, and tensile strength was 30% to 50% improved compared to conventional self-compacting concrete up to 1% of coir fibres incorporation in the SCC mix, after which it rapidly reduced.
Salzer, C, Wallbaum, H, Ostermeyer, Y, and Kono, J 2017. Environmental performance of social housing in emerging economies: life cycle assessment of conventional and alternative construction methods in the Philippines. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 22, 1785-1801.
Max, Smyth 2018. A Study of the Viability of Cross Laminated Timber for Residential Construction, Masters thesis. Stockholm: Stockholm University.
Demiss, BA, Oyawa, WO, and Shitote, SM 2018. Mechanical and microstructural properties of recycled reactive powder concrete containing waste glass powder and fly ash at standard curing. Cogent Engineering 5, 146-157.
Mohamad, N, Iman, MA, Samad, AAA, Mydin, MAO, Jusoh, S, Sofia, A and Lee, B 2019. Flexure Behaviour of Foamed Concrete Incorporating Banana Skin Powder and Palm Oil Fuel Ash Strengthened with Carbon Fibre Reinforced Plate. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering 601, 012025.
Gebremariam, ATT 2018. Development of Self-Compacting Translucent Concrete Incorporating Recycled Glass Aggregate for Sustainable Construction, PhD thesis. Kenya Pausti: Pan African University.
Ahmad, S 2017. Use of alternative waste materials in producing ultra-high-performance concrete. In MATEC Web of Conferences EDP Sciences. 120, 03014.
Saketh, C, Patel, JM, Rajesh, M, Sadanand, G and Manoj, M 2017. Statistical analysis of polypropylene fibre reinforced concrete. International Journal of Advance Research, Ideas and Innovations in Technology 3, 518-532.
Tang, WC, Wang, Z, Liu, Y and Cui, HZ 2018. Influence of red mud on fresh and hardened properties of self-compacting concrete. Construction and Building Materials 178, 288-300.
Lakhiar, MT, Sohu, S, Bhatti, IA, Bhatti, N, Abbasi, SA and Tarique, M 2018. Flexural Performance of Concrete Reinforced by Plastic Fibers. Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research 8, 3041-3043.
Carlsson, R, Elmquist, L and Johansson, C 2017. Cast metal with intelligence– from passive to intelligent cast components. In VIII ECCOMAS Thematic Conference on Smart Structures and Materials, SMART.
Elhafez, SA, Hamad, HA, Zaatout, AA and Malash, GF 2017. Management of agricultural waste for removal of heavy metals from aqueous solution: adsorption behaviors, adsorption mechanisms, environmental protection, and techno-economic analysis. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 24, 1397-1415.
Manahan, SE 1999. Industrial ecology: environmental chemistry and hazardous waste. CRC Press.
Majid, A, Anthony, L, Hou, S and Nawawi, C 2011. Mechanical and dynamic properties of coconut fiber reinforced concrete. Construction and Building Materials 30, 112-125.
Jani, SM and Rushdan, I 2014. Effect of bleaching on coir fibre pulp and paper properties. Journal of Tropical Agriculture and Food Science 42, 51-61.
Lif, SL, Shahiron, S, Mohamad, SS, Nurul, IIR, H 2016. A Preliminary Study On Chemical And Physical Properties Of Coconut Shell Powder As A Filler In Concrete. Materials Science and Engineering 160, 1-7.
Jhatial, AA, Sohu, S, Bhatti, NK, Lakhiar, MT and Oad, R 2018. Effect of steel fibres on the compressive and flexural strength of concrete. International journal of advanced and applied sciences 5, 16-21.
Athiyamaan, V and Ganesh, GM 2020. Experimental, statistical and simulation analysis on impact of micro steel–Fibres in reinforced SCC containing admixtures. Construction and Building Materials 246, 118450.
Ghorbani, S, Sharifi, S, Rokhsarpour, H, Shoja, S, Gholizadeh, M, Rahmatabad, MAD and de Brito, J 2020. Effect of magnetized mixing water on the fresh and hardened state properties of steel fibre reinforced selfcompacting concrete. Construction and Building Materials 248, 118660.
Tahir, M 2018. Structural performance of precast self-compacting concrete beam consisting banana skin powder and coir fibre under flexural load, PhD thesis. Johar: Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia.
Vidyasagar, K, Pradesh, A and Naidu, CD 2018. Influence of polypropylene fibers with admixtures in strengthening of concrete.
Amirtharaj, J 2017. Effects of Coir Fiber on Self Compacting Concrete. International Journal for Scientific Research & Development 5, 1373-1375.
EN, B 2002. 12620. Aggregates for Concrete. British Standard Institute, Brussels.
Malaysian Standard “MS EN 197-1:2014: Cement - Part 1: Composition, specifications and conformity criteria for common cements (First revision)”. (2014).
EN, B 2002. 1008, Mixing water for concrete. British Standards Institution: London, UK.
British Standards Institution, 1985. BS 5075: Part 3. Specification for superplastisizing admixtures.
Admixture, HCW, Nonchloride, noncorrosive, accelerating admixture complying with ASTM C 494. Type C, and recommended by the manufacturer for use in masonry mortar of composition indicated.
EFNARC, S 2002. Guidelines for self-compacting concrete. London, UK: Association House, 32, 34.
Iman, MA, Mohamad, N, Samad, AAA, Goh, WI, Mydin, MO, Tambichik, MA, Bosro, MZM, Wirdawati, A and Jamaluddin, N 2018. Precast selfcompacting concrete (PSCC) panel with added coir fiber: An overview. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. IOP Publishing, 140, 012138.
Chen, J and Chouw, N 2018. Flexural behaviour of flax FRP double tube confined coconut fibre reinforced concrete beams with interlocking interface. Composite Structures 192, 217-224.
Mohamad, N, Iman, MA, Samad, AAA, Mydin, MAO, Jusoh, S, Sofia, A, Aziz, K and Lee, B 2019. Flexure Behaviour of Foamed Concrete Incorporating Banana Skin Powder and Palm Oil Fuel Ash Strengthened with Carbon Fibre Reinforced Plate. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, IOP Publishing. 601, 012025.
Valášek, P, D’Amato, R, Müller, M and Ruggiero, A 2018. Mechanical properties and abrasive wear of white/brown coir epoxy composites. Composites Part B: Engineering 146, 88-97.
Manjula, R, Raju, NV, Chakradhar, RPS and Johns, J 2018. Effect of thermal aging and chemical treatment on tensile properties of coir fiber. Journal of natural fibers 15, 112-121.