The Main Features of Hydraulic Fill Soils and River Dnieper Alluvial Deposits in the Kyiv Region
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Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture
Online publication date: 2020-12-31
Publication date: 2020-12-01
Civil and Environmental Engineering Reports 2020;30(4):72-89
The features of the tectonic structure together with the geological and geomorphological zoning of Kyiv city are highlighted in the article. Particular attention is paid to the floodplains of the Dnieper River, which were formed by the hydraulic fill method. As a rule, such sites were created for new constructions and were quickly built up with low rise buildings, the bases of which were made using such hydraulic soils. Completed engineering-geological investigations of sites after hydraulic filling and observation of the base deformation over time allowed setting of the basic regularity and rules for construction on such territories. The ongoing development of the city has also covered these territories, where high-rise buildings, shopping malls, and other buildings are actively being built, and the loads from these must be transferred to reliable bases.
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