The Influence of the Poles’ Lifestyle on the Quantity and Quality of Municipal Wastewater
More details
Hide details
University of Zielona Góra, Zielona Góra, Poland
Online publication date: 2021-10-01
Publication date: 2021-09-01
Civil and Environmental Engineering Reports 2021;31(3):265-275
The article presents lifestyle as an important factor determining the quantity and quality of municipal wastewater. The characteristic of wastewater in Poland has changed significantly in recent years. The qualitative characteristics of municipal wastewater indicate an increase of organic compounds and in the scope of micro-contaminants identified in them, e.g. nanoparticles, microplastics, pharmaceutical and personal care products or heavy metals. Therefore, the knowledge of parameters such as: BOD5, COD, total N, total P and suspension solids is no longer sufficient for the design and operation of wastewater treatment systems. Comprehensive research in this area is necessary to select those indicators that better describe the characteristics of wastewater.
Benn, TM and Westerhoff, P 2008. Nanoparticle silver released into water from commercially available sock fabrics. Environ. Sci. Technol. 42, 4133-4139.
Carey, C, Phelan, W and Boland, C 2008. Examining the use of food waste disposers (2005-WRM-DS-23-M1) Programme 2007-2013 STRIVE Report Series No.11, Environmental Protection Agency.
Clay, S, Hodgkinson, A, Upton, J and Green, M 1996. Developing acceptable sewage screening practices, Water Science and Technology, 33(12), 229-234.
Diaper, C et.al 2008. Sources of critical contaminants in domestic wastewater: contaminant loads from household appliances. Water for a Healthy Country Flagship Report series ISSN: 1835-095X.
Dzwolak, W 2010. Where to throw away, so as not to hurt? Dangerous kitchen waste and food waste. Gastronomic Review, 64 (10), 3 (in polish).
Fudala – Książek, S and Boguski, A 2008. Evaluation of the quality of screenings and mineral slurry from wastewater treatment in the aspect of their disposal. Gas, Water and Sanitary Technology 5, 26-32, (in polish).
Health care in households in 2016. Statistics Poland Warsaw 2018 ISBN 978-83-7027-688-1(in polish).
Household budget survey in 2017. Statistic Poland, Warsaw 2018 ISSN 0208-9793.
Incomes and living conditions of the population of Poland (report from the EU-SILC survey of 2016), Statistic Poland Warsaw 2017 ISSN 1898-9322.
Municipal infrastructure w 2016r. Statistics Poland Warsaw 2017 (in polish).
Janukowicz, W, Rodziewicz, J, Mielcarek, A and Wolter, A 2016. The impact of food waste disposal to the municipal sewage network on the COD concentration of municipal sewage in Olsztyn. Ecological Engineering 47, pp. 68–73 DOI: 10.12912/23920629/62849 (in polish).
Kampe, S, Kaegi, R, Schlich, K, Wasmuth, C, Hollert, H and Schlechtriem, C 2018. Silver nanoparticles in sewage sludge: Bioavailability of sulfidized silver to the terrestrial isopod Porcellio scaber. Environ Toxicol Chem. 37(6):1606-1613. doi: 10.1002/etc.4102.
Kasprzyk-Hordern, B, Dinsdale, RM and Guwy, AJ 2008. The occurrence of pharmaceuticals, personal care products, endocrine neutral pharmaceuticals disruptors and illicit drugs in surface water in South Wales, UK. Water Research, 42, 3498–3518.
Koszowska, A, Ebisz, M and Krzyśko-Łupicka, T 2015. Pharmaceuticals and personal care products in the aquatic environment as a new issue of environmental health. Environmental Medicine, 18,1,62-69.
Hou, L, et al. 2011. Removal of silver nanoparticles in simulated wastewater treatment processes and its impact on COD and NH 4 reduction. Chemosphere 87,3, 248-252.
Malarski, M, Matusiak, K and Cybula, J 2016, The influence of selected household chemical products on the quality of greywater. Scientific Review - Engineering and Environmental Sciences, 71,61–71 (in polish).
Matuszczak, M 2015. Sewerage is not a garbage dump. Water works and sewerage, 3(133) (in polish).
Meier, C et al. 2016. Transformation of Silver Nanoparticles in Sewage Sludge during Incineration. Environ Sci Technol. 5;50(7):3503-10. doi: 10.1021/acs.est.5b04804.
Pasela, R and Gorączko, M 2013. Analysis of selected factors shaping water consumption in multi-family buildings, Annual Set The Environment Protection, 15, ISSN 1506-218X 1658–1672 (in polish).
Płuciennik-Koropczuk, E and Myszograj, S 2020. Changes in quantity of nonbiodegradable organic micropollutants in municipal wastewater based on COD fractionation. Desalination and Water Treatment, 186, 334-340, ISSN: 1944-3994, eISSN: 1944-3986.
Poland on the plate 2015, Report prepared on the basis of the study IQS https://www.grupaiqs.pl/wpcont... (in polish).
Poland on a plate 2017, Polish HoReCa market. Marko Cash & Cary Poland report prepared by IQS (in polish).
Guide for the operator of the sewage treatment plant, ed. Dymaczewski Z., Poznań 2011. ISBN 978-83-89696-38-X (in polish).
Rezka, P and Balcerzak, W 2015. The occurrence of non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs in wastewater and water environment and methods of their removal – selected issues, Archives of Waste Management and Environmental Protection ISSN 1733-4381, 17,1,33-38 (in polish).
Regulation of the Minister of Infrastructure of January 14, 2002 on the determination of average water consumption standards. (Dz. U. 2002 nr 8 poz. 70) (in polish).
Schmidt, W and Clare, HR 2015. Evaluation of biological end points in crop plants after exposure to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs(NSAIDs): Implications for phyto toxicological assessment of novel contaminants. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 112,212–222.
Staniszewska, A et al. 2015. Selected aspects related to expired medications, Probl. Hig. Epidemiol., 96(3):697-703 (in polish).
Szelągm, Z and Malczewska, B 2016. Assessment of changes in water abstraction in selected cities of the Lower Silesian Voivodship in the years 2005–2010. Ecological Engineering, 50,106–114.
Szymonik, A and Lach, J 2013. Pharmaceuticals in surface and drinking water. Proceedings of ECOpole, 7(2), DOI: 10.2429/proc.2013.7(2)096 (in polish).
Tjandraatmadja, G, Pollard, C, Sheedy, C and Gozukara, Y 2010. Sources of contaminants in domestic wastewater: nutrients and additional elements from household products. Water for a Healthy Country Flagship Report series ISSN: 1835-095X.
Waldron, A, Gibson, S, Pohl, L and Labas, K 2012. Anaerobic digestion of cafeteria waste reducing Clarkson’s environmental footprint. Project report. New York State Pollution Prevention Institute.
Wasik-Koty, A, Dębska, J and Namieśnik, J 2003. Residues of pharmaceuticals in the environment of transformation, concentration, determination. Soc Ecological Chemistry & Engineering, 10, 723–750 (in polish).
Wolska, KI, Markowska, K, Wypij, M, Golińska, P and Dahm, H 2017. Silver nanoparticles, synthesis and biological activity. Kosmos Ser A, 66, 1,(314), 125–138 (in polish).
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top