Influence of Mesophilic Bacteria Inoculation with Chicken Manure for Biogas Production Enhancement in Anaerobic Digestion (AD) Process
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School Of Civil Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia
Submission date: 2023-10-02
Final revision date: 2023-11-20
Acceptance date: 2023-11-23
Online publication date: 2023-12-05
Publication date: 2023-12-05
Corresponding author
Rosnani Alkarimiah   

School Of Civil Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia
Civil and Environmental Engineering Reports 2023;33(3):33-49
The objective of this study is to investigate biogas production by anaerobic digestion using mesophilic bacteria mixed with Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME). This project aims to determine the volume of biogas generation and volatile fatty acid (VFA) production from chicken manure via the anaerobic digestion process. Anaerobic digestion (AD) of chicken manure (CM) often faces obstacles, including high total ammonia nitrogen (TAN) concentration, inorganic soil particles, and wood chips. The digestion process was carried under batch mode conditions in Scott bottles of 1.0 L active volume. The bottles were immersed in a water bath to control their temperature at 37℃. The characteristics of total solid, volatile solid of mass fraction, pH, and temperature on the amount of biogas produced were studied. The investigation showed that biogas production can be enhanced by inoculation of another material. The optimum biogas composition in the AD system was recorded by Inoculum I, which was achieved on Day 2 at 560 mL/L. The highest cumulative methane yield was observed in the leachate with Inoculum (I), which was 8976 mL/gVS, while the CML produced 4 mL/g VS. The anaerobic digestion (AD) process augmented with inoculum demonstrated heightened efficacy in biogas generation and VFA concentration reduction during the acidogenic phase, surpassing the observed performance in chicken manure leachate.
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