Improved of Mechanical Characteristics of Gargar Mud by Mineral Additives
More details
Hide details
Civil Engineering, Hassiba Ben-bouali University of Chlef, Algeria
Civil Engineering, University of sciences and technology Mohammed Boudiaf, Algeria
Submission date: 2023-12-27
Final revision date: 2024-01-12
Acceptance date: 2024-01-15
Online publication date: 2024-01-31
Publication date: 2024-01-31
Corresponding author
Mohamed Ghrici   

Civil Engineering, Hassiba Ben-bouali University of Chlef, 02000, Chlef, Algeria
Civil and Environmental Engineering Reports 2023;33(4):73-94
The operational dams in Algeria lose 32 million m3 of water storage capacity each year, and fifteen of these dams are threatened by siltation. This investigation forms a component of a management strategy for dredged silt in the Gargar Dam, the third-largest dam in Algeria with considerable sedimentation. This paper comprises two main axes: a detailed experimental study based on the studied dam mud's physico-chemical, rheological, and mechanical analysis. The second part is based on the study of the valorization of Gargar mud to be acceptable for use in road civil engineering. In order to obtain this goal, the Gargar mud was treated with lime (0-6%), sand (20%), and natural pozzolana (20%). Test results show that the properties of Gargar mud are significantly improved after treatment, and the soil becomes more friable and more resistant; it can therefore be used as a foundation layer in road civil engineering.
Hallouz, F, Meddi, M, Mahé, G, Toumi, S and Rahmani SEA 2018. Erosion, Suspended Sediment Transport and Sedimentation on the Wadi Mina at the Sidi M’Hamed Ben Aouda Dam, AlgeriaWater 10, 32.
Remini, B and Toumi, A 2017. The Beni Haroun Reservoir (Algeria) Is It Threatened By Siltation? Larhyss Journal 29, 249-263.
Remini, B. (2017). Une nouvelle approche de gestion de l’envasement des barrages. LARHYSS Journal, 31, 51-81.
Benasla, M, Benamara, M and Hadjel, L 2015. Characterization of dredging mud dam Oued Fodda and valorization as a building material. Journal of Materials and Environmental Science 6, 546-558.
Chikouche, MA, Ghorbel, E and Bibi, M 2016. The possibility of using dredging sludge in manufacturing cements: optimization of heat treatment cycle and ratio replacement. Construction and Building Materials, 106, 330-341.
Safer, O, Belas, N, Belaribi, O, Belguesmia, K, Bouhamou, NE and Mebrouki, A 2018. Valorization of dredged sediments as a component of vibrated concrete: Durability of these concretes against sulfuric acid attack. International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials, 12, 1-11.
Safhi, AM, Rivard, P, Yahia, A, Benzerzour, M and Khayat, KH 2020. Valorization of dredged sediments in self-consolidating concrete: Fresh, hardened, and microstructural properties. Journal of Cleaner Production, 263, 121472.
Bourabah, MA, Abou-Bekr, N and Taibi, S 2010. Geotechnical characterization of dredging sediments for valorization in road embankments: Case of the Cheurfas Dam (Algeria). In GeoFlorida 2010: Advances in Analysis, Modeling & Design, Florida, USA, February, 2212-2221.
Banoune, B, Melbouci, B, Rosquoët, F and Langlet, T 2016. Treatment of river sediments by hydraulic binders for valorization in road construction. Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment, 75, 1505-1517.
Slama, AB, Feki, N, Levacher, D and Zairi, M 2021. Valorization of harbor dredged sediment activated with blast furnace slag in road layers. International Journal of Sediment Research, 36, 127-135.
Remini, B and Benfetta, H (2015). Le Barrage Reservoir De Gargar Est-Il Menace Par L’envasement? LARHYSS Journal, 24, 175-192.
Hammadi L 2013. Rheology and flow of complex fluids applications to barrage and sludge of wastewater treatment plants, Ph.D. Thesis, University of Sciences and Technology of Oran.
Migniot, C 1968. Etude des propriétés physiques de différents sédiments très fins et de leur comportement sous des actions hydrodynamiques. La houille blanche, 7, 591-620.
ASTM D4318-17 2017. Standard Test Methods for Liquid Limit, Plastic Limit, and Plasticity Index of Soils, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, www.astm.org.
ASTM D698. 2000. Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Compaction Characteristics of Soil Using Standard Effort (12,400 ft lbf/ft3 (600 kN-m/m3)). Easton, MD, ASTM – American Society for Testing and Materials.
ASTM D2166. 2000. Standard Test Method for Unconfined Compressive Strength of Cohesive Soil. West Conshohocken, PA, ASTM – American Society for Testing and Materials.
ASTM D1883-07e2. 2007. Standard test method for CBR (California bearing ratio) of laboratory compacted soils. West Conshohocken, PA: ASTM International.
Osula, DOA 1991. Lime modification of problem laterite, Engineering Geology, 30, 141-154.
Asgari, MR, Baghebanzadeh Dezfuli, A and Bayat, M 2015. Experimental study on stabilization of a low plasticity clayey soil with cement/lime, Arabian Journal of Geoscience, 8, 1439–1452.
Sakr, MA, Shahin, MA, and Metwally, YM 2009. Utilization of Lime for Stabilizing Soft Clay Soil of High Organic Content, Geotechnical and Geological Engineering, 27, 105-113.
Harichane, K, Ghrici, M, Kenai, S and Grine, K 2011. Use of natural pozzolana and lime for stabilization of cohesive soils. Geotechnical and geological engineering, 29, 759-769.
Al-Swaidani, A, Hammoud, I and Meziab, A 2016. Effect of adding natural pozzolana on geotechnical properties of lime-stabilized clayey soil, Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, 8, 714-725.
Vitale, E, Deneele, D, Paris, M and, Russo, G 2017. Multi-scale analysis and time evolution of pozzolanic activity of lime treated clays, Applied Clay Science, 141, 36–45.
Bell, FG 1996. Lime stabilization of clay minerals and soils. Engineering Geology, 42, 223-237.
Goufi, AE, Harichane, K, Harichane, Z, Driss, AAE and Ghrici, M 2022. Improvement of the geotechnical properties of a clay–sand mixture treated with lime. Innovative Infrastructure Solutions, 7, 1-17.
Harichane, K, Ghrici, M and Kenai, S 2018. Stabilization of Algerian clayey soils with natural pozzolana and lime. Periodica Polytechnica Civil Engineering, 62, 1-10.
Driss, AAE, Harichane, K, Ghrici, M, Sert, S and Bol, E 2023. Effect of Natural Pozzolana on the Unconsolidated Undrained Shear Strength of a Lime-Stabilized Clay Soil. International Journal of Civil Engineering, 21, 1007–1026.
Garzon, E, Cano, M, O`Kelly, BC and Sánchez-Soto, PJ 2016. Effect of lime on stabilization of phyllite clays, Applied Clay Science, 123, 329-334.
Driss, AAE, Harichane, K, Ghrici, M and Gadouri, H 2021. Assessing the effect of moulding water content on the behaviour of lime-stabilised an expansive soil. Geomechanics and Geoengineering, 17, 896-908.
Driss, AAE, Harichane, K and Ghrici, M 2021. Effect of natural pozzolana on microstructural behavior and hydraulic conductivity of lime-stabilized clayey soil. Innovative Infrastructure Solutions, 6, 1-17.
Kinuthia, JM, Wild, S and Jones, GI 1999. Effects of monovalent and divalent metal sulphates on consistency and compaction of lime-stabilized kaolinite, Applied Clay Science, 14, 27-45.
Dhar, S and Hussain, M 2019. The strength and microstructural behavior of lime stabilized subgrade soil in road construction. International Journal of Geotechnical Engineering 15, 1-13.
Fırat, S, Dikmen, S, Yılmaz, G and Khatib, JM 2020. Characteristics of engineered waste materials used for road subbase layers. KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering 24, 2643-2656.
Firat, S, Khatib, JM, Yilmaz, G and Comert, T 2017. Effect of curing time on selected properties of soil stabilized with fly ash, marble dust and waste sand for road sub-base materials. Waste Management & Research 35, 747–756.
Onturk, K, Firat, S, Yilmaz, G and Khatib JM 2022. Waste utilization to enhance performance of road subbase fill. Journal of Engineering Design and Technology 20, 455-474.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top