BIM Policy in Eastern Europe
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Division of Management in Civil Engineering, Cracow University of Technology, Poland
These authors had equal contribution to this work
Submission date: 2023-11-13
Final revision date: 2023-12-14
Acceptance date: 2023-12-23
Publication date: 2024-01-12
Corresponding author
Ewelina Mitera-Kiełbasa   

Division of Management in Civil Engineering, Cracow University of Technology, Warszawska, 31-155, Cracow, Poland
Civil and Environmental Engineering Reports 2023;33(4):14-22
The European Union in the Industry 5,0 proposal encourages technological transformation. ICT Information and Communications Technology, which for the AEC industry are BIM and Digital Twin is appreciated, but also innovative and variable over time. Therefore publications like this, which verify the validity of information are important. Global BIM policy analysis can be valuable for stakeholders of the investment process, policymakers, researchers. The authors performed a scientific analysis on an extensive database of articles (over 20,000) as well as national regulations (in non-English languages). BIM mandatory in public investments depicted on the map, also charts showing other indicators. In Eastern Europe has been observed a small scale (22%) of planned BIM requirements. Czech Republic plans BIM mandate on public investments for project above the EU threshold. The Polish road map proposes MacroBIM for risky or complicated, public investments with budget exceeding EUR 10 million since 2025 and for all since 2025. Comparing with other indicators the Czech Republic and Poland have high GDP per capita and percentage of the industrial sector (including construction) in GDP value added. Poland is classified also as a developed market within the global equity indices. This may have an impact on digital transformation, which is a demanding project due to investment costs. Bulgaria did not include a BIM mandate in its digital transformations plan. Due to the Industry 5,0 and the positive results from case studies of countries that have already applied BIM mandatory introducing BIM requirements in public procurements should be motivated and supported.
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